Transactions of CNHS

The Society issues the Transactions as an occasional publication, containing longer articles on the natural history of Cumbria. Twelve volumes have been published to date and a list of the contents is below. Most of these volumes are out of print, although printed copies of a few issues are still available by contacting us, including the most recent, Cumbrian Wildlife in the 20th Century for a very reasonable £5+P&P.

The Society also provides the scanned PDFs of all the CNHS Transactions below to aid further research into Lakeland Wildlife. These are all searchable PDFs – use CTRL-F or shift-CTRL-F (full search) or the search facility in the Edit menu of Adobe Reader to do so. File sizes range from 4MB to 11MB.

Volume I (1909)
A Bygone Cumberland Naturalist, A Memoir of T.C. Heysham – James Murray. 1-12
Westmorland Ornithological Notes, 1907 – W.E.B. Dunlop 13-23
Mammals of the Eden Valley – H. Britten 24-30
Plant life around Carlisle, part I, – Thos. Scott Johnstone 31-48
The Wading Birds of the Solway – T.L. Johnston 49-62
The Fauna of Cumberland in relation to its Physical Geography – Frank H. Day 63-74
The Gulls and Diving Birds of the Solway – Linnaeus E. Hope 75-97
The Butterflies of Cumberland – George B. Routledge 98-113
The Land and Freshwater Shells of Cumberland – James Murray 114-121
The Coleoptera of Cumberland, part 1 – Frank H. Day 122-150

Download PDF – Trans. Carlisle Nat. Hist. Soc., Vol. I

Volume II (1912)
H.A. Macpherson M.B.O.U., a memoir – Linnaeus E. Hope 1-13
The Mineral of Cumberland – J.W. Branston 14-29
The Arachnids (Spiders etc) of Cumberland – H. Britten 30-65
Plant Life around Carlisle, part II – Thos. Scott Johnstone 66-88
The natural history of the Peregrine Falcon, Eric B. Dunlop 89-93
The Lepidoptera of Cumberland (part II, Moths) – George B. Routledge 94-183
The Ducks and Geese (Anseres) of the Solway – Linnaeus E. Hope 184-200
The Coleoptera of Cumberland, part II – Frank H. Day 201-256

Download PDF – Trans. Carlisle Nat. Hist. Soc., Vol. II

Volume III (1923)
Addenda to Macpherson’s “Vertebrate Fauna of Lakeland” (Birds)
– Eric B. Dunlop (with appendix by Linnaeus E. Hope) 1-39
The Lepidoptera of Cumberland, part III, Geometrae – George B. Routledge
40-69
The Coleoptera of Cumberland, part III, conclusion – Frank H. Day 70-107

Download PDF – Trans. Carlisle Nat. Hist. Soc., Vol. III

Volume IV (1928)
William Hodgson A.L.S., Botanist – James Murray 1-15
On the Raven – E. Blezard 16-22
The Lepidoptera of Cumberland, part IV (Moths) – George B. Routledge 23-65
Some notes on the Minerals of the Caldbeck Fells – F.H. Day Jun. B.Sc. 66-79
Local Wildfowl (Ducks and Geese) – Ritson Graham 80-104
The Orthoptera of Cumberland – George B. Routledge 105-107
The Hemiptera-Heteroptera of Cumberland – Frank H. Day 108-130
Cumberland Odonata (Dragonflies) – Frank H. Day 131-134
Further Addenda to the Coleoptera of Cumberland – Frank H. Day 135-136

Download PDF – Trans. Carlisle Nat. Hist. Soc., Vol. IV

Volume V (1933)
History of the Society – Frank H. Day 1-13
Birds in Carlisle – B. Johnston 14-25
Mammals in Carlisle – B. Johnston 26-30
Collecting at light in the Carlisle District – H. D. Ford 31-38
Trees in Carlisle – Dorothy Stewart 39-43
The Neuroptera etc and Trichoptera of Cumberland, Westmorland and North
Lancashire – George B. Routledge 44-60
On the Buzzard – E. Blezard 61-66
The Barnacle Goose on the English Solway – T.L. Johnston 67-82
Cumberland Aculeate Hymenoptera – George B. Routledge 83-103
The Roe Deer in Cumberland – Ritson Graham 104-116
Further Addenda to the Coleoptera of Cumberland – Frank H. Day 117-125
The Lepidoptera of Cumberland, additional species and further records
– George B. Routledge 126-143

Download PDF – Trans. Carlisle Nat. Hist. Soc., Vol. V

Volume VI (1943) The Birds of Lakeland – Ernest Blezard (Editor)
The Faunal Area of Lakeland – Frank H. Day 11-16
The Rearing of Ducks at Netherby – Ernest Blezard and Tom L. Johnston 17-20
Accounts of the Birds of Lakeland – Ernest Blezard, Marjory Garnett, Ritson Graham and Tom L. Johnston 21-165

Download PDF – The Birds of Lakeland (1943) Trans. Carlisle Nat. Hist. Soc., Vol. VI

Volume VII (1946) Lakeland Natural History, E. Blezard (Ed.)
Aviation and ornithology in Lakeland – Flt-Ltnt. R.A. Carr-Lewty 1-28
Lakeland and the Ice Age – T.W.K.Skelly 29-48
Winter birds on Windermere, a retrospect – Marjory Garnett 49-70
Creeping Lady’s Tresses in Cumberland – Dorothy Blezard 71-74
The Grey Lag Goose in Lakeland – Tom L. Johnston 75-87
The Badger in Cumberland – Ritson Graham 88-99
The Lakeland Pennines and their birds – Ernest Blezard 100-115
A round on Westmorland moors – Walter Thompson 116-117
The progress of natural history in Cumberland – F.H. Day 118-130
The birds of Lakeland, a supplement – E. Blezard 131-149

Download PDF – Lakeland Natural History (1946) Trans. Carlisle Nat. Hist. Soc., Vol. VII

Volume VIII (1954) Lakeland Ornithology, E. Blezard (Ed.)
Tom Little Johnston, 1875-1948 – E. Blezard 5-7
The Greater Black-backed Gull on the Cumberland Solway – Tom L. Johnston 8-13
North-eastern Bird studies: the Curlew and the Black Grouse
– Matthew Philipson 14-22
The warblers – Robert H. Brown 23-74
Siddick Pond and its birds – Ralph Stokoe 33-74
Food of birds – Ernest Blezard 75-101
The Birds of Lakeland: a second supplement – E. Blezard 102-135
The Presidents of the Carlisle Natural History Society 136
List of members of the Carlisle Natural History Society 137-141

Download PDF – Lakeland Ornithology (1954), Trans. Carlisle Nat. Hist. Soc., Vol. VIII

Volume IX (1958) Lakeland Birds, E. Blezard (Ed.)
The Birds of Lakeland: a third supplement – E. Blezard 7-54
Food of birds – E. Blezard 55-62

Download PDF – Lakeland Birds (1958), Trans. Carlisle Nat. Hist. Soc., Vol. IX

Volume X (1962) Birds of the Lake Counties, Ralph Stokoe
Birds of the Lake Counties – R. Stokoe 13-112
Bird migration at Grune Point – R. Stokoe 113-128
Food of birds – Ernest Blezard 129-136

Download PDF – Birds of the Lake Counties (1962), Trans. Carlisle Nat. Hist. Soc., Vol. X

Volume XI (1967) Lakeland Molluscs
A preliminary list of the marine mollusc of Lakeland
– Marjory Garnett and Mary M. Milne 11-47
Non-marine Mollusca of Lakeland: notes on their distribution and the
Occurrence of molluscs in the food of birds – Ernest Blezard 48-74

Download PDF – Lakeland Molluscs (1967), Trans. Carlisle Nat. Hist. Soc., Vol. XI

Volume XII (1996) Cumbrian Wildlife in the 20th Century, D.J. Clarke & S.M. Hewitt (Eds.)
Changes in Cumbria’s flora in the 20th Century – Geoffrey Halliday 5-14
Cumbrian butterflies since 1893 – Geoff Naylor 15-26
Dragonflies in Cumbria, a centenary review – David Clarke 27-38
Beetles and beetle recording in Cumbria – Roger Key 39-50
Birds of prey in Cumbria – Geoffrey Horne 51-76
Mammals in Cumbria, a centenary review – John Webster 77-88
Wildlife and its conservation in Cumbria – Derek Ratcliffe 89-106
Carlisle Natural History Society, the first hundred years – Stephen Hewitt 107-126
Ernest Blezard (1902-1970) – Derek Ratcliffe 127-132

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CNHS – Carlisle Nats – Cumbria Lakeland Naturalists